Is post dating a check legal
The Commonwealth Bank of Australia's rules and conditions for cheques (2014: Section 1.7.6 'Dishonour of cheques') clearly state that a cheque will be dishonoured if it is presented before the post-date as written on the cheque for the reason that, '..cheque bears a date that is in the future.
This is known as a post-dated cheque and it cannot be paid until that date arrives.' While this is a sound interpretation of Australian Commonwealth law, for insurance reasons the bank protects itself from possible attack with the condition (2014: Section 1.7.1 'Using your cheques '): 'You authorise us to pay a post-dated cheque (one which is dated with a date in the future) drawn on your account and presented for payment at any time before the date of the cheque arrives.' In Brazil, the drawer may seek damages in Justice if their cheque is cashed in before its due date, according to the jurisprudential orientation of the Superior Court of Justice, as per Summary No. Under the clearing rules of the Canadian Payments Association, a post-dated cheque cannot be cashed prior to the date written on it.
As a bill of exchange a post-dated cheque remains negotiable but it will not become a "cheque" till the date when it becomes "payable on demand".
and mainly revolves around section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
(2) A cheque is not invalid by reason only that- (a) it is not dated; (b) it is antedated or post-dated; or (c) the date it bears is a Sunday.The post-dated cheque is not payable till the date which is shown on the face of the said document.It will only become cheque on the date shown on it and prior to that it remains a bill of exchange under Section 5 of the Act.The retailers will usually accept post-dated monthly cheque payment installments up to several months in advance allowing their customers to pay for expensive goods as a sort of a line of no interest credit.If you’re running a little short of cash before payday, yet you need to pay a bill, you may be tempted to solve the problem by writing your check, but dating it for after the day you get paid – when you know you’ll have money in the bank.